We visited Culloden Moor, scene of the last major battle fought on mainland Britain – the Battle of Culloden. The final Jacobite uprising, and their efforts to restore the House of Stuart to the British throne, ended here on April 16, 1746, when Government forces led by the Duke of Cumberland crushed the army of Prince Charles Edward Stuart.
Queen Anne, the last monarch of the House of Stuart, died in 1714, with no living children. Under the terms of the Act of Settlement 1701, she was succeeded by her second cousin George I of the House of Hanover, who was a descendant of the Stuarts through his maternal grandmother, Elizabeth, a daughter of James VI and I. The Hanoverian victory at Culloden halted the Jacobite intent to overthrow the House of Hanover and restore the House of Stuart to the British throne; Charles Stuart never again tried to challenge Hanoverian power in Great Britain. The conflict was the last pitched battle fought on British soil.
The Jacobites were supported and supplied by the Kingdom of France from Irish and Scots units in French service. The British Government (Hanoverian loyalist) forces were mostly Protestants – English, along with a significant number of Scottish Lowlanders and Highlanders. The quick and bloody battle on Culloden Moor was over in less than an hour, when after an unsuccessful Highland charge against the government lines, the Jacobites were routed and driven from the field.
Between 1,500 and 2,000 Jacobites were killed or wounded in the brief battle. In contrast, only about 300 government soldiers were killed or wounded.
The red flag marks where the government soldiers front line stood and the blue flag way off in the distance on the left side is where the Jacobites stood. This is a grave site where you can view the Graves of the Clans, the Well of the Dead, the Memorial Cairn, the Cumberland Stone, and the Field of the English. The museum contained a number of Jacobites’ artifacts. There was also a demonstration of how men were “enlisted” by tricking them, by hiding it in the drink. To “take the King’s shilling” was to agree to serve as a sailor or soldier in the Royal Navy or the British Army.
And the soldiers were called Lobsterbacks – because of the color of the jacket and pants.
And here were the Jacobites shield and sword
And a cottage that was during the time of the battle.
Here is a sampler done by a young girl –
We left the battle field and headed to the 16th-century Brodie Castle, the historic seat of Clan Brodie, one of Scotland’s influential families. The castle is today owned by Scotland’s National Trust, and much of the interior is carefully restored and preserved to resemble things as they might have been in the medieval heyday of the clan. Outside the castle walls, a nature trail offers opportunity for a peaceful stroll through the well-manicured landscape. Unfortunately, we were not allowed to photograph inside the Castle. The family had acquired a large collection of artwork and the furniture is from the family. We had lunch at the castle and did a little shopping. I only had time to get the view from the front of the castle towards the pond.
This was our last day of touring. Tomorrow morning we leave Inverness for Glasglow and prepare for our last night in the UK. I am not sure if I will get any more photos from this trip as I seldom photograph from the coach.
This may be the last post. It has been a great trip and I have seen a lot. There is so much more to see and to photograph properly. Thanks for following along on this trip. I hope I have given you a little bit of a taste of the UK and helped your desire to see it yourself.