First to answer some questions – the spelling I am using is considered the correct for Hawai’i. A couple of years ago, there was a movement to get the written names changed to reflect more of the Hawaiian language. I have not seen where the legislature has approved it, but signs are changes all over the islands. So what was changed or what was missing – Two symbols appear frequently in Hawaiian words… the ‘Okina and the Kahakō. These two symbols change how words are pronounced.
The ‘Okina is the apostrophe mark and is a glottal stop – or a brief break in the word. The break is very fast, and if you’re not careful listening you may miss it. As an example, think of the English oh oh – the small break, or silence, between the first oh and the second oh is the same break you would make if an ‘Okina appeared in the word (for example… oh’oh).
The Kahakō is a stress mark (macron) that can appear over vowels only and serve to make the vowel sound slightly longer. The vowels ā, ē, ī, ō, and ū sound just like their non-stress Hawaiian vowels with the exception that the sound is held slightly longer.
Missing the ‘Okina or Kahakō can greatly change not only the how a word sounds, but also its basic meaning. For example, the word kāne (kaa-nay) means male while the same word without the Kahakō, kane (ka-nay), means skin disease. Likewise the word moa (mo-ah) is a chicken while mo’a (mo ah) means cooked.
So I am trying where I know, to correctly list the Hawaiian names. I will miss some, but I will try were I can.
Carol and the Bears getting ready to go inside.
Bear and Bearbette instantly start to pose for photos – in all kinds of plants. Below is the Pride of Burma.
But then it is on to see some new and beautiful plants.
This is from the Micky Mouse Tree – Ochna Kirkil.
This is the Noni. Morinda citrifolia is a tree in the coffee family, Rubiaceae.
And see how big the leaves grow here – Bear demonstrates by climbing on one.
And from the cannon ball tree – I give you lots of dangerous overhead potentially falling stuff.
And what is Hawai’i without a tiki god
Bearbette just loves orchids –
And Carol with the Bears sitting by the fountain.
Next it was on to Rainbow Falls.
Rainbow (Waiānuenue) Falls is 80 ft (24 m) tall and almost 100 ft (30 m) in diameter. The falls are part of the Hawai’i State Parks.
At Rainbow (Waiānuenue) Falls, the Wailuku River rushes into a large pool below. The gorge is blanketed by lush, dense nonnative tropical rainforest and the turquoise colored pool is bordered by beautiful, although nonnative, wild ginger. Monstera is also in abundance. The falls are accessible via Wailuku River State Park, Waiānuenue Avenue.
Known in the Hawaiian language as Waiānuenue (literally “rainbow water”), the falls flows over a natural lava cave, the mythological home to Hina, an ancient Hawaiian goodess.
Rainbow Falls derives its name from the fact that, on sunny mornings around 10AM, rainbows can be seen in the mist thrown up by the waterfall. Unfortunately, we didn’t see the rainbows.
And of course everyone needs their photo by the falls
Be Happy – til the next post.